01 October 2023 - Employment Lawyer

What is covered by labor law?
Employment law is broad in its scope and application, covering all matters relating to the workplace. Employment attorneys advise global corporations, public and private sector clients, charities and individuals. The work of an employment lawyer can therefore be divided into two distinct categories: that relating to an employee and his respective rights and duties, and that relating to the rights and duties of the employer. The number of companies that only work for applicants is limited. Most companies work for both, as is often the case with commercial firms, or only for the employer, as is often the case with city and large regional companies. Employment law is highly dynamic, jurisdiction specific and subject to frequent legislative and jurisprudential developments as employers are often at the forefront of social change. It constitutes contract law and statutory rights, many of these rights derived from European Community law. Indeed, many changes in labor law are driven by developments at the EU level.

What do employment lawyers do?
Litigation work includes disciplinary and grievance issues in individual employment relationships, remuneration, employer negligence and fault, and employee liability, leading to employment tribunal claims (sometimes the High Court and County Claims Tribunal) or negotiations for a settlement. Non-conflict tasks may include advising employers on employment aspects of business sales, drafting employment contracts and policies, and providing guidance on restructuring and layoff schedules. Employment law is therefore much more than just dealing with employment contracts – employment lawyers will often be called upon to provide general advice on anything that falls within the scope of employment. Employment lawyers have the opportunity to work with a wide variety of clients because virtually all organizations employ people, and the complexity of the legal issues they deal with does not always correlate with the size of the employer. Employment law is therefore diverse and intellectually stimulating, with the potential to engage in extensive outreach. Because of the variety possible, combined with a generally steady workflow and a work-life balance that is considered good, employment law is one of the most popular areas of law to practice, so competition is stiff.

What skills are required to be an employment lawyer?
Interns can expect a lot of direct contact with clients, assisting an employer with the employment aspects of a business transaction or assisting an employee with preparing for legal action. Empathy is a quality often cited by those working in employment law, and this is largely due to the fact that clients face unpleasant and personal complaints against them. So an employment lawyer must be very helpful in helping stressed and vulnerable clients. Interns may sometimes be expected to defend their clients in an employment tribunal, so public speaking skills are an asset. Employment lawyers are often required to draft correspondence, contracts and litigation documents, and research skills are essential because employment law is more legally technical than many areas of legal practice. Strong organizational skills are required to practice a mix of litigation, advisory and non-litigation work. Adaptation is essential to deal with ever-changing laws, especially with new laws coming in April and October each year. Interns must also have strong commercial awareness to understand a client's business and the ability to quickly build relationships with HR and other business people. A good awareness of marketing and business development can prove useful in establishing strong client relationships and helping to land new work in a highly competitive area of law.

What are the different types of employment law?
This area of law covers a wide range of issues related to the environment and work processes. Here are some examples:

work contract
Age discrimination
Harassment and Harassment
Employee Terminations and Grievances
equal pay
Holiday pay
minimum wage
Discrimination based on gender, race, religion or sexuality

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